I need help with my homework?

I need help with my homework?

Postby lyn36 » February 20th, 2014, 1:33 am

WHAT’S THE MOTIVATION

1. If the sound of an electric can opener causes a cat to salivate because the can opener has been associated with the presentation of food, the cat's salivation to the sound of the can opener is a(n):
a. Conditioned response
b. Unconditioned response
c. Conditioned stimulus
d. Unconditioned stimulus

2. In Aldous Huxley's Brave New World, infants develop a fear of roses after roses are presented with electric shock. In this fictional example, the presentation of the roses is the:
a. Conditioned stimulus
b. Unconditioned stimulus
c. Unconditioned response
d. Conditioned response

3. An experimenter plans to condition a dog to salivate to a light by pairing the light with food. The dog will learn to salivate to the light most quickly if the experimenter presents the light:
a. Ten seconds before the food
b. A half-second before the food
c. At precisely the same time as the food
d. A half-second after the food

4. Your heart may race when confronted by a lion but not when approached by a kitten. This best illustrates the adaptive value of:
a. Shaping
b. Aversive conditioning
c. Spontaneous recovery
d. Discrimination

5. Every Saturday morning, Arnold quickly washes the family’s breakfast dishes so that his father will allow him to wash his car. In this instance, according to the Premack principle, washing the car is a(n)?
a. Positive reinforcer
b. Negative reinforcer
c. Positive punisher
d. Negative punisher

6. Receiving delicious food is to escaping electric shock as ___ is to ___.
a. Positive reinforcer; negative reinforcer
b. Negative reinforcer; positive reinforcer
c. Positive punishment; negative punishment
d. None of the above

7. Mason, a stockbroker, runs two miles every day after work because it reduces his levels of stress. Mason’s running habit is maintained by a __.
a. Positive reinforcer
b. Negative reinforcer
c. Positive punisher
d. Negative punisher

8. Jack finally takes out the garbage in order to get his father to stop pestering him. Jack's behavior is being influenced by:
a. Positive reinforcement
b. Negative reinforcement
c. Positive punishment
d. Negative punishment

9. Reggie's mother tells him that he can watch TV after he cleans his room. Evidently, Reggie's mother is attempting to use ________ to increase room cleaning.
a. Positive reinforcement
b. Negative reinforcement
c. Positive punishment
d. Negative punishment

10. You come home after a long day to find your infant daughter crying nearly uncontrollably. You pick her up and rock her. After a bit, she stops crying. Your behavior of picking up your daughter and rocking her is being:
a. Positively reinforced
b. Negatively reinforced
c. Positively punished
d. Negatively punished

11. You’re driving up 101 towards Santa Maria in your 2007 Corvette, pushing the limit at nearly 110 mph. Suddenly, a California Highway Patrol car comes up behind you, lights and siren flashing. After you pull over, the CHP officer writes you a speeding ticket that costs you nearly $300. Paying the ticket is an example of:
a. Positive reinforcement
b. Negative reinforcement
c. Positive punishment
d. Negative punishment

12. Coffee shops that reward customers with one free cup of coffee after every ten coffee purchases are using a ________ reinforcement schedule.
a. Fixed interval
b. Variable interval
c. Fixed ratio
d. Variable ratio

13. A variable-ratio schedule of reinforcement is one in which a response is reinforced only after a(n):
a. Specified time period has elapsed
b. Unpredictable time period has elapsed
c. Specified number of responses have been made
d. Unpredictable number of responses have been made

14. Punishment is a potentially hazardous way for teachers to control young children's behaviors because:
a. The more severely children are punished for undesirable behaviors, the more likely they will exhibit those behaviors
b. Children will forget how to perform punished behaviors even when the behaviors may be justified and necessary
c. The use of punishment could condition children to fear and avoid school
d. Punishment cannot even temporarily reduce undesirable behaviors

15. Although 5-year-old Katelyn is not really thirsty, she frequently begins whining for a glass of water about 10 minutes after being put to bed. Her parents would be best advised to:
a. Simply ignore her complaining
b. Provide her with a very small drink of water
c. Close her bedroom door to indicate that they disapprove of her whining
d. Read her a short story so she forgets about wanting a drink
User avatar
lyn36
 
Posts: 47
Joined: April 11th, 2012, 2:47 pm

I need help with my homework?

Postby bernardo » February 20th, 2014, 1:34 am

1. If the sound of an electric can opener causes a cat to salivate because the can opener has been associated with the presentation of food, the cat's salivation to the sound of the can opener is a(n):
a. Conditioned response


2. In Aldous Huxley's Brave New World, infants develop a fear of roses after roses are presented with electric shock. In this fictional example, the presentation of the roses is the:
a. Conditioned stimulus


3. An experimenter plans to condition a dog to salivate to a light by pairing the light with food. The dog will learn to salivate to the light most quickly if the experimenter presents the light:

b. A half-second before the food
c. At precisely the same time as the food


4. Your heart may race when confronted by a lion but not when approached by a kitten. This best illustrates the adaptive value of:

d. Discrimination

5. Every Saturday morning, Arnold quickly washes the family’s breakfast dishes so that his father will allow him to wash his car. In this instance, according to the Premack principle, washing the car is a(n)?
a. Positive reinforcer


6. Receiving delicious food is to escaping electric shock as ___ is to ___.

d. None of the above

7. Mason, a stockbroker, runs two miles every day after work because it reduces his levels of stress. Mason’s running habit is maintained by a __.
a. Positive reinforcer


8. Jack finally takes out the garbage in order to get his father to stop pestering him. Jack's behavior is being influenced by:

b. Negative reinforcement



9. Reggie's mother tells him that he can watch TV after he cleans his room. Evidently, Reggie's mother is attempting to use ________ to increase room cleaning.
a. Positive reinforcement


10. You come home after a long day to find your infant daughter crying nearly uncontrollably. You pick her up and rock her. After a bit, she stops crying. Your behavior of picking up your daughter and rocking her is being:
a. Positively reinforced


11. You’re driving up 101 towards Santa Maria in your 2007 Corvette, pushing the limit at nearly 110 mph. Suddenly, a California Highway Patrol car comes up behind you, lights and siren flashing. After you pull over, the CHP officer writes you a speeding ticket that costs you nearly $300. Paying the ticket is an example of:

d. Negative punishment

12. Coffee shops that reward customers with one free cup of coffee after every ten coffee purchases are using a ________ reinforcement schedule.
a. Fixed interva

13. A variable-ratio schedule of reinforcement is one in which a response is reinforced only after a(n):

d. Unpredictable number of responses have been made

14. Punishment is a potentially hazardous way for teachers to control young children's behaviors because:

c. The use of punishment could condition children to fear and avoid school


15. Although 5-year-old Katelyn is not really thirsty, she frequently begins whining for a glass of water about 10 minutes after being put to bed. Her parents would be best advised to:
a. Simply ignore her complaining
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bernardo
 
Posts: 58
Joined: March 5th, 2012, 7:23 am


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